Ausgabe 1/2017, 23. Jahrgang S. 62–91
Sense of Citizenship in der International Civic and Citizenship Education Study 2016. Veränderungen und Zukunftsaussichten
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Objective of this article is a diachronic comparison of assessment instruments by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) with regard to citizenship education. The focus lays on concepts, which Conover (1995) describes as the two elements of sense of citizenship: cultural identity and perception of citizenship. Taking into account all citizenship education studies by the IEA since 1971, the respective constructs and their possible changes are examined to determine in what regard they reflect the scientific state of research and respond to demands of social challenges. While the first part of the article focuses on the role of cultural identity taking into consideration consequences of globalization and migration, the second part relates to perceptions of good citizenship against the background of changing political culture and models of democracy. The discussion on the past assessments of sense of citizenship by the IEA reveals demands on the one hand for stronger consideration of hybrid cultural identities and acculturation strategies. On the other hand, it claims a broader view on good citizenship reflecting different models of democracy. Respective adaptations in form of national add-ons in the ICCS 2016 questionnaire are outlined as well as suggestions for future ICCS are set out.