Marianne Krüger-PotratzHelma Lutz

Sitting at a crossroads – wie werden kulturelle, nationale, ethnische und Geschlechterdifferenzen theoriegeleitet erfasst und mit welchen Instrumenten werden sie erhoben?


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This paper deals with recent discussions among educationalists on the topic of inequality. Today, a number of different forms of inequality are debated on under the heading of “difference”. These do not only concern social inequality, but also include a number of other topics: culture, nationality, ethnicity, sex/gender, age/generation, class, race, language, religion, physical and mental health, city/country, North/South. The two authors reveal the main current discussions on inequality by using two of these “lines of difference” – sex/gender and culture – as examples. They claim that studies connecting vari-ous lines of difference raise problems of research methodology and that just a few educationalists are really able to combine these lines in a fruitful way. The authors point out that on the one hand it is both dangerous and complicated to “sit at a crossroads” and look for different structures of “traffic”. But they conclude that on the other hand this is just the method needed when wishing to find out how the many different structures concerning society and individuals are being produced and reproduced within the educational system.