Ausgabe 4/2020, 43. Jahrgang S. 13–24
Zu glokalisierenden Praktiken ethischen Urteilens in Schule und Unterricht
The Educational Standards of Geography identify (ethical) judgement/evaluation as one of six areas of competence (DGfG, 2017). In practice, teachers often react to this set educational policy with normatively charged teaching concepts, providing neither for discourse-ethical negotiation processes nor for a conscious reflection of one’s own values. The aim of the DFG project “Glocalised Environments: Reconstructing Modes of Ethical Judgement in Geography Classes” was to generate empirical findings regarding the initial question of how complex modes of pupils’ ethical judgement can be initiated in the context of heterogeneous interpretations. Accordingly, a teaching unit of several hours was designed based on the phase progression of ethical judgement (Tödt, 1976), taking into account empirical findings on the promotion of ethical judgement competence (including discursive negotiation and reflection on one's own judgement formation in the process), and examined at four schools with different structures (artistic-aesthetic, scientific-technological, international, socialscientific/denominational). The data comprised 54 pre-and post-group discussions, a video recording of the lessons (= performative level; Engel, 2015) and responsive discussions. The documentary method was chosen as methodological approach to be able to access the level of tacit values. Three types could be reconstructed, showing how the pupils’ tacit values are related to the corresponding spaces of experience: a) the contextsensitive-relational type, b) the essentialising-generalising type and c) the situational-alternating type. Based on these findings, didactic approaches are discussed to further promote differentiating-relational modes of ethical judgement and to prevent the danger of individual pupils being excluded or segregated in class (Applis, 2020/i. E.).
global learning, ethical judgment, complexity, type formation, reflection