Ausgabe 2/2011, 103. Jahrgang S. 139–157
„Quasi-Märkte“ und Innovationen im Bildungsbereich
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Policymakers around the globe have looked to quasi-market mechanisms such as choice and competition to promote greater levels of innovations in the way children are educated. Innovation is seen as an important route to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of schools, as well as to provide new and better opportunities for disadvantaged children and communities. This review of research synthesizes evidence on educational innovation in such school systems where policies promote at least one of three factors: (1) greater levels of consumer choice of schools, (2) greater levels of school-level autonomy, and/or (3) greater levels of competition between schools. We conclude that quasimarket mechanisms are succeeding in a number of areas, but a closer examination of patterns suggests significant distinctions in how innovations can be generated at different levels of educational organizations, and points to the importance of the institutional conditions in which incentives may be more effective.
innovation, quasi-markets, competition, autonomy, school choice