Ausgabe 1/2005, 11. Jahrgang
Meritokratie in Japan und Deutschland – Analyse der gesellschaftlichen Eliten1
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In this contribution, the conditions of social mobility in Japan are studied and then compared with those in Germany, in order to find out whether the German three-track system of secondary education is the main reason for the unequal access to higher education in this country. Since the end of the Second World War, Japan has a one-track educational system, which makes it very interesting for such a comparison. In order to grasp the conditions of social mobility in Japan and Germany, two working hypotheses are first established – (a) access to elite positions is determined by education; (b) access to elite positions is determined by social origin –, which are then verified for both countries, using findings from representative elite studies.