Chowra Makaremi is a tenured researcher at the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), Institute for Interdisciplinary Research on Social Issues (Iris), EHESS, Paris. Her research focuses on issues of security, migration control, the anthropology of law and the state, and processes of subjectivation at the margins. She completed a PhD in anthropology at the Université de Montréal with Mariella Pandolfi, based on an ethnography of border confinement for undocumented migrants in France. She also conducted research on delinquency courts in France, the everyday experience of justice, policies of delinquency repression, punishment and the moral economy of adjudication. She has co-edited Enfermés dehors: enquête sur le confinement des étrangers (with C. Kobelinsky 2009), and co-authored Juger, réprimer, accompagner: essai sur la morale de l’Etat (with D. Fassin et alii 2013). Her current research explores a genealogy of state violence in post-revolution Iran. She has published Aziz’s Notebook: At the Heart of the Iranian Revolution (2011). She has been a visiting researcher at the Institute for Advanced Studies in Princeton, Columbia University (MESAS), and the McGill Faculty of Law.