Franck Orban holds a doctoral degree in French civilization from the University of Oslo (Norway). In his dissertation, titled France and power: perspectives and foreign policy strategies (1945–1995), he has analyzed the relationship between French ambitions in foreign policy with France’s position as a regional power. He is an associate professor at the Østfold University College, Norway. In 2016, he launched AreaS, a transdisciplinary research group that focuses on contemporary challenges to democracy. His research interests are French politics, European integration, populism and extremism.