Issue 2/2016, 1. Volume Page 148–171
Internment and humanitarian aid
Perspectives on a cultural practice
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This article discusses internment as a field of research for European Ethnology, focusing especially on the role that humanitarian aid workers played within internment, and studying this as a cultural practice. Using the World War II internment of German merchant seamen as an example, it argues, firstly, that interventions of humanitarian aid organizations were inseparably interwoven with various controlling strategies executed by camp commandants and the detaining power, while, at the same time, benefitting inmates’ coping strategies. Secondly, it proposes taking the humanitarian aid perspective as a methodological approach for researching internment and captivity in general. The text aims at emphasizing a multi-perspective, ‘contact zone’ approach to understanding internment by showing the characteristics and the potential of this third-party-point of view in Prisoner of War Cultural Studies.
internment, captivity, humanitarian aid, prisoner of war, cultural studies, cultural practice, World War II, Canada