Issue 2/2013, 12. Volume Page 257–271
Experimental Evidence of Class Participation on Learning Outcomes
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We analyze how participation in an e-learning course correlates with learning outcomes. Learning outcome is measured in terms of the answers students give in the final exam. The difference in learning outcome between participants and non-participants most likely does not only depend on participation, but also on confounding factors, such as students’ motivation (or lack thereof), their propensity to participate, their talent, and their previous knowledge. We run a randomized experiment where students are subdivided randomly into two groups. Students in the two groups work on some joint and some group-specific exercises which helps to control for confounding factors. Comparing the performances of students from the two groups in the final exam allows to identify the so-called Average Effect of the Treatment on the Treated. The results of the randomized experiment indicate that participating in the e-learning course had a positive effect on learning outcome.
Learning Outcome, Class Attendance, E-Learning, Experiment