Issue 1/2006, 102. Volume
Sinti in Freiburg
Auseinandersetzung mit einer deutschen Minderheit
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In the „Third Reich“ and during the Second World War Sinti and Roma were victims of persecution and extermination all over Europe. Approximately half a million of them died in Parajmos, as they call the Holocaust in their language. Unlike other groups of victims they, i. e. the survivors of the camps who returned to Germany, were not recognised as racially persecuted. Into the 1970ies many municipalities tried to make Sinti, who had settled down in their area, to move along by providing them with unsuitable parking spaces, insufficient connection to electricity, tap water and sewage disposal and by different chicaneries. In 1973 the city of Freiburg built the social center „Haus Weingarten“ and starting from 1976 directly adjacent a residential estate for Sinti, Jeni and other deprived families. The Freiburgian model was considered at that time as exemplary throughout the country. This contribution illuminates the thirty years process of integration, which is seen increasingly critically.