Mikkio Eswein

Meritokratie in Japan und Deutschland – Analyse der gesellschaftlichen Eliten1

Shortlink: https://www.waxmann.com/artikelART100122

Abstract

In this contribution, the conditions of social mobility in Japan are studied and then compared with those in Germany, in order to find out whether the German three-track system of secondary education is the main reason for the unequal access to higher education in this country. Since the end of the Second World War, Japan has a one-track educational system, which makes it very interesting for such a comparison. In order to grasp the conditions of social mobility in Japan and Germany, two working hypotheses are first established – (a) access to elite positions is determined by education; (b) access to elite positions is determined by social origin –, which are then verified for both countries, using findings from representative elite studies.