Issue 1/2005, 11. Volume
Meritokratie in Japan und Deutschland – Analyse der gesellschaftlichen Eliten1
In this contribution, the conditions of social mobility in Japan are studied and then compared with those in Germany, in order to find out whether the German three-track system of secondary education is the main reason for the unequal access to higher education in this country. Since the end of the Second World War, Japan has a one-track educational system, which makes it very interesting for such a comparison. In order to grasp the conditions of social mobility in Japan and Germany, two working hypotheses are first established – (a) access to elite positions is determined by education; (b) access to elite positions is determined by social origin –, which are then verified for both countries, using findings from representative elite studies.