Pedagogized Muslimness

Mette Buchardt

Pedagogized Muslimness

Religion and Culture as Identity Politics in the Classroom

2014,  Religious Diversity and Education in Europe,  Band 27,  200  pages,  paperback,  29,90 €,  ISBN 978-3-8309-3143-0

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Becoming Danish/Christian and becoming Muslim are skills that may be acquired in the secularized school system. This study explores how social structure and the politics of identity and knowledge in relation to religion intertwine when recontextualized in the classroom of the Danish comprehensive school post 9-11. Through close readings of what takes place at a classroom level in two Copenhagen schools, Pedagogized Muslimness provides insights into how the Nordic model of comprehensive schooling – in the (post-)welfare state – plays out in daily school life and with what effects.

The book provides a deeper understanding of how knowledge is produced in school, and how school operates as an arena for the production and distribution of social difference. The good pupil is the pupil that speaks of her/himself, acting as a subject, or who, by confirming the teacher’s organizing of her/himself, accepts being made into an object upon which knowledge can be generated. Particularly overexposed are the pupils, whom the teachers identify as ‘Muslim’, something which draws on decades of casting this group of children as special objects of – as well as obstacles to – schooling.

By the late 1970s and the early 1980s, the children of migrants came to be defined by their parents’ relation to the labor market: as ‘foreign workers’ in often unskilled jobs, associated with rural life and ‘traditional family patterns’, and characterized by what was seen as their (lack of) language skills. In the course of several moral panics around ‘Muslims’ and ‘Muslim children’, this focus has translated into a knowledge formation of culture/religion. The book shows how school-produced Muslimness, in the pedagogized social economy of the classroom, becomes a parameter of social class, higher as well as lower.

press

The theme of the book, how ‘Muslimness’ is constructed within the classroom is relevant, not only in Denmark, but also in the wider European context. The book presents solid theoretical analyses of a rich empirical material from two classes (grades 4 and 5) at two different schools in Copenhagen.[...] Researchers and research students will find this book of great interest [...]
Sissel Østerberg in: Journal of Contemporary Religion, 2/2015

Offenbar ist die Gefahr der Stereotypisierung und Funktionalisierung bei der unterrichtlichen Thematisierung des Islam dann besonders groß, wenn subjektive Erfahrungen der Schülerinnen und Schüler abgerufen und in den Dienst der pädagogischen Wissensproduktion gestellt werden – eine Einsicht, die in dieser wirklich empfehlenswerten Studie mit einem beeindruckend differenzierten Auswertungsinstrumentarium multiperspektivisch erhärtet wird.
Henrik Simojoki, in: Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft 20 (2017), S. 547

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