Karin A. E. Volkwein
Fitness as Cultural Phenomenon
1997, German and American Studies in Sport, Band 4, 260 pages, E-Book (PDF), 22,90 €, ISBN 978-3-8309-5530-6
Fitness is characterized as an „attempt to reconstruct the self" of people living in modern societies. The roots of the ongoing fitness movement go back to the 1970s in the USA; at the end of the twentieth century this movement has successfully spread to other highly industrialized nations in the world, including Germany. It is not simply a response to the current health crisis in advanced societies, rather fitness has become an integral part of modern life style, - a cultural phenomenon. Reasons for the rise of fitness are culture specific as well as global and transnational. This cross-cultural comparison of two advanced nations, here Germany and the USA, closes historical gaps and sheds light onto the complexity of the issue.
Kerstin Behm, Anne Bolin, Gunter Gebauer, Heather Gibson, John Hoberman, Wildor Hollmann, Alan Klein, Günther Lüschen, Jasmin Tahmaseb McConatha, Christiane Mielke, Otto Penz, Gertrud Pfister, George Sage, Gerhard Uhlenbruck, Karin A.E. Volkwein, Johannes B. Zohner-Nassi.